Sport Tourism and the environment

1024px-Golden_Hour_at_Emerald_BayAuteur : Hélène Schmutz, Université Paris IV – Paris Sorbonne.

Hal Rothman, an American historian, wrote a book entitled Devil’s Bargains : Tourism in the Twentieth Century American West in which he contends that the transition to an economy based on tourism came with socioeconomic costs that were paid by the local inhabitants with insufficient access to capital (Rothman, 1998). One of his leading ideas was that they were led to become faux of themselves in order to match the tourists’ expectations. It is a critical vision of tourism as a honey pot and an alternative to other less profitable trades such as farming or mining. My goal in this paper is to take up his argument and question it as applied to the Sierra Nevada, both from an environmental and a social point of view. Indeed both questions are deeply intertwined, and researchers have increasingly looked at these two issues as two facets of one object, which we may call “socionature”. The term was coined by British geographer Erik Swyngedouw, who was highly influenced by Marxist scholar David Harvey (Swyngedouw, 2003). Both work in the field of political ecology, which regards natural questions as the object of a power struggle in society. Their analysis is focused mostly on urban settings, but it can be extended to “wild” mountainous areas. In fact this research project requires an interdisciplinary approach, including the fields of environmental history, geography, sociology and ecology.

Tourism in the Wild West has deep roots in American history, which hark back to the founding of the first State Park in the country: Yosemite, in 1864. Traveling to the wild parts of the country has to do with the national identity of the United States (Figueiredo, 2005). Since the 1980s, American environmental historians have interrogated the relation between the land and those who people it (Cronon, 1996; White, 1999; Worster, 1992). They give as much importance to environmental factors as to human ones in the transformation of landscapes. I will apply this methodology, which is relatively new in Europe, to the study of two contrasting cases in the Sierra Nevada. The first one will look at the socioenvironmental evolutions related to the growing tourist presence in Yosemite National Park. That place, which is highly protected by federal rules, has nonetheless undergone major changes since the late XIXth Century. I will explore the differences, but also the similarities between the park and the Lake Tahoe area, which is surrounded by ski resorts, 200 kilometers north.

From Space Travel to Pizza, Your Bitcoin Goes Fa

2014-01-20 13:45:26 by Far_These_Days

You can’t get much more mainstream than professional American sports. In that sense, Thursday’s news that the Sacramento Kings basketball team will let its fans use bitcoin to purchase tickets, jerseys, hot dogs and anything else from its selection of products may go down as a key moment in the digital currency’s coming of age.
But this is only the latest in a steady progression of vendors choosing to transact in bitcoin, a group that is at the vanguard of the digital currency’s bid for legitimacy.
There are now tens of thousands of merchants around the world accepting bitcoin

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Palm Coast poised to expand Indian Trails Sports Complex again  — Daytona Beach News-Journal
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  • Avatar C Summer internships related to Recreation, Sport & Tourism and Communication?
    Feb 10, 2013 by C | Posted in Air Travel

    I am a senior double majoring in Communication and Recreation, Sport, and Tourism. I have had a summer internship with NBCUniversal, but want to focus more on the Recreation and Travelling aspect of my degree.

    I LOVE traveling and my dream job would be to get paid to travel or go …. I want to gain experience in the field. If anyone has any ideas or suggestions I would greatly appreciate them.

    Ideas: Wounded Warrior Project, Red Frog Events, Spartan Race, Truth.com, buzzfeed, TOMS shoes, anything non-profit as well (anything similar/related would be awesome)

    • Okay, so, you want an "internship" that sends you to some exotic locale, covers your expenses, and pays you on top of that? Congratulations, so does everyone else :-)

      Seriously though, these type of things are few and far between. There's opportunities to volunteer, op …the local language, and you'll get paid to do so, but again, you have to get there yourself and take care of yourself once you're there. Try to check with your school, perhaps they have some resources that aren't commonly known and can point you in the right direction.

      Good luck.

  • Avatar Dev K What jobs can one get with a coporate communications major?
    Aug 25, 2008 by Dev K | Posted in Higher Education (University +)

    I plan on majoring in corporate communications with a leisure &sports management/ parks, recreation and tourism management minor. Does this open up high paying job opportunities? What jobs can one get with this major.

    • I think this would open up higher paying jobs, but keep in mind you must also have extra curricular things other than the education majors.